More than 25 million people work in the coffee industry. Coffee grows in more than 50 countries of the world.
A regular cup of hot coffee contains about 115 mg of caffeine, a cup of espresso (or filtered coffee) - about 80 mg, while in a cup of instant coffee there is about 65 mg of caffeine. Decaffeinated coffee is not completely without caffeine, in such coffee there is 3 mg of it, in a can of Coca-Cola - about 45 mg, of Pepsi-Cola - 38 mg, whisky - 54 mg. Tea contains 40 mg of caffeine, while a 30-gram chocolate bar - about 20 mg.
Coffee is the most popular stimulant in the world: 4 out of 5 Americans drink it, drinking 400 millions cups a day total. The consumption of it in Scandinavian countries is 12 kg per person. It grows in more than 50 countries in the world.
25 million people work in this industry.
Coffee has second largest sales in the world after oil.
Although coffee is considered to have been grown since VII century by Red Sea, Shekhabeddin Ben, an Arabian author of XV century, wrote that the Ethiopians have been enjoying coffee since the days immemorial.
Coffee plants were found in XVI century in the territory of Yemen at the Arabian Peninsula. When the Turkish ambassador brought it to Louis the XIV in 1669, Europeans immediately liked it. A few years later the Dutch brought coffee to the island of Java.
In 1714 a French man Desclew grew a coffee tree at the island of Martinica. Soon the plantations expanded from French Guinea to Brazil and Central America. Today coffee is grown in humid regions of the planet.
Coffee is cherry-coloured seeds of a tree of Coffea species. The tree brings up to 1 kg beans a year. There exists more than 25 kinds of coffee. There are three main commercial types: robusta, liberia and arabica, the last one representing up to 75% of all production.
Caffeine enhances the effect of aspirin and other anesthetics, that is why it is used in some medications. Retainment of caffeine is also one of the most common reasons of headache.
People drinking 2 and more cups of coffee a day have all the chances to develop osteoporosis. But this can be corrected by using milk and yogurt to restore the lost calcium.
Most scientists also think that excessive use of caffeine decreases women's fertility and that using it during the period of pregnancy increases the chances of premature birth and other complications.
Caffeine can be removed from coffee by soaking green grains in chlorinated carbohydrate solvents.
Instant coffee is made by pouring hot water over ground roasted coffee. Then the water is evaporated with spray dryers under high pressure leaving only the coffee powder.
In some coffee products coffee is replaced by chicory (a wild-growing plant), figs, dates, malt or barley, which vaguely resemble real coffee.
The world consumes more than 500 million cups of coffee a year.
For making expresso one needs 42 coffee grains.
Cappuccino got its name because of its enticing foam resembling the hood of a Capuchin (a member of a Catholic monastic order founded in Italy in 1525.)
Robusta contains two times less caffeine than Arabica.
Men drink 20% more coffee than women. 37% of people drinking coffee do it without sugar. 90% of Americans start their day with a cup of coffee.
The first coffee in Europe was sold in drugstores as a medicine.
Italians drink cappuccino after 11 a.m. And in Turkey coffee is served first to the oldest person in the family.
In ancient Arabia a man's refuse to brew coffee for his wife could legally be a reason for divorce.
Honore de Balsaque has drunk 15000 cups of strong coffee while writing his "The Human Comedy" . He was said to drink more than 20 cups of coffee a day.
Voltaire, a prominent French philosopher, drank 50 cups of coffee a day.
Ludwig van Beethoven always used 64 grains to brew coffee.
In defense of coffee in 1732 Johann Sebastian Bach wrote "The coffee cantata" on a poem of a German poet Pikander.
There is a coffee sauna in Tokyo . The pool here is filled with 13 tons of coffee heated to 40 degrees, and the visitors slacken in this slurry.