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Table of Contents

  1. What is coffee ?
  2. What is Espresso ?
  3. What is a pump-driven espresso machine ?
  4. What is the difference between steam- and pump-driven machines ?
  5. Why are pump machines more expensive than steam machines ?
  6. What is the ESE (Easy Serving Espresso) system ?
  7. How does one make froth milk ? Milk foaming for cappuccino, latte, and mocha ?

What is coffee ?

Coffee is the plant, the bean, the roasted blend and finally the beverage, which has conquered the world. The world of coffee begins with two plants, creating two different coffees, Arabica and Robusta which have very different qualities.
Arabica contains 1.1%-1.7% caffeine and has a very pronounced aroma. It is mild, well rounded, slightly acidic and often features a hint of chocolate, producing a hazel-brown cream with pleasing touch of bitterness.
Robusta contains 2%-4.5% caffeine. It is more astringent, not very aromatic and much more bitter. It is topped with a brownish-gray cream and is sold on the market at a much lower price than Arabica coffee.

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What is espresso ?

Espresso is coffee at its very best. It is an extraordinary brew in every way, a tiny miracle of chemical and physical engineering that features characteristics best described in the language of the senses. It has a full flavored, fragrant and velvety body. The espresso system's high pressure enables natural fats and colloids in the coffee to emulsify in the liquid and thus create a syrupy substance with a rich flavor and aroma.

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What is a pump-driven espresso machine ?

A pump espresso machine provides the necessary power to produce strong and consistent pressure both for brewing espresso and steaming milk.It also has a shorter recovery time between espresso shots.

The benefits of a pump machine include:

  • Proper brewing pressure and temperature.
  • Instant repeat of brewing cycle.
  • Simultaneous brewing for cafe'-quality espresso.
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What is the difference between steam-driven and pump-driven machines ?

To extract a full-bodied espresso, approximately 9 ATMs are required to force the water through the finely ground and densely packed espresso. The steam machine produces approximately 3 ATMs of pressure, compared to a pump-driven machine, which creates anywhere between 9 and 17 ATMs. Furthermore, the temperature of steam-driven machines is often too hot for espresso brewing, which may scald the coffee and create a bitter-tasting drink.

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Why are pump machines more expensive than steam machines ?

The pump-driven machines contain more components, primarily the pump and higher-performance boiler.

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What is the ESE (Easy Serving Espresso) system ?

The "Easy Serving Espresso" (ESE) system helps those of us who are not experts in preparing a perfect espresso. This system consists of two main elements: a dose (serving pod) of about 6.5-7 gram of ground coffee, packed between two layers of filter paper, and an "extraction chamber" (portafilter) of exactly the same shape as the serving pod.

Thanks to the ESE system, preparing espresso, a complex concoction of tastes and flavors, becomes child's play. This machine is also easy to clean. You can also be sure that you will produce a perfect espresso every time. If you are interested in the ESE system machine, contact us by phone, fax, or E-mail for order or information.

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How to make milk froth ? Step by step instructions:

  1. Turn on the steam switch. After 10-15 sec or, when temperature ready light goes on, you are ready for the next step.
  2. To release excess moisture from the steamer, turn it on for 2-3 secs. When there is no more dripping moisture, empty the tray or pitcher.
  3. Place the frothing pitcher half filled with low-fat milk under Turbo Frother steam nozzle so that the tip (air hole) is just under the surface of the milk.
  4. Slowly turn steam valve knob counterclockwise to release steam. Important note: The more you turn the knob, the greater the steam pressure released for frothing. Do not open it up all the way, as it can lock the knob.
  5. Move the pitcher in a circular motion, keeping the tip of the steam nozzle slightly under the surface of the milk as it begins to froth. Do not let the milk come to a boil as it will not froth.
  6. When you have made enough froth or the milk has doubled in volume, turn the steam knob clockwise to shut off the steam and remove the pitcher.
  7. Spoon the froth onto the espresso in each cup and gently pour the hot milk along the side of the cup.
    TIPS: Top each cup of cappuccino with a dash of cinnamon, cocoa or nutmeg.
  8. NOTE : If you want to make more espresso immediately after steaming the milk, refill the machine's with water and bring down the temperature to a brewing temperature, otherwise the espresso may taste "burned". To do this, place an empty cup on the drip plate. Do not insert a filter holder. Turn hot water/brew switch "on" to fill the tray with remaining water. Turn brew switch "off". You may now proceed to make more espresso.
TIP: Using low fat milk creates denser milk froth . Skimmed or low-fat (not more than 2%) milk will provide a thick foam. With regular milk the froth will quickly collapse. Most espresso makers today have a turbo frother that will give you all the froth required. Let frothed milk stand for about 30 seconds before spooning in onto the espresso.

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